Conservative treatment options are always tried first. These include:
- activity modification.
- exercise and conditioning.
- anti-inflamatory medication.
- Physical therapy programs in water (aquatic therapy) allow
patients to exercise in non-weightbearing situations.
- Shock-absorbing shoe inserts often relieve some pain during
- The injection into the joint of either cortisone
or newer visco supplements such as hyaluronic
acid may provide temporary relief for moderate to severe
- neoprene sleeves and other dynamic braces to correct mal-alignment
of the leg.
having night pain, difficulty walking or performing normal activities
may be candidates for surgery. Operative treatments may include:
debridement (removal) of loose chondral fragments
in the joint lining if the patient has symptoms such as pain
corrects the mal-alignment of the lower leg.
Finally, knee replacement surgery
may dramatically relieve the symptoms of knee arthritis.
Total Knee Replacement
Total knee replacement is an option for the patient who has not
improved after trying the conservative measures described above
and whose quality of life is severely affected. In knee replacement
surgery all diseased cartilage is removed, and a metal and plastic
prosthesis or replacement, is inserted. It is attached to
the bone with bone cement or ingrowth of bone into the prothesis.
The surgery takes one to two hours and requires a three to five
day hospital stay. The results of knee replacement surgery are
reliable, and over 95% of patients report good to excellent results
at ten years.
© 2005 by LeadingMD, Inc. All rights reserved